Getting Ready for Your BRAHM Field Trip
We are so excited that you have chosen to visit BRAHM for a field trip! We’d love for you take a moment to review the following (at the grade-appropriate level) with your class before your trip:

What will we be seeing?
You will be seeing a selection of black and white photographs taken by Lewis Hine of working children in North Carolina (many in textile mills) during the early 1900s – approximately 100 years ago. These photographs are considered primary sources. Primary sources are documents portraying an historical event that were created by someone who witnessed the event first-hand. 

Q: Can you think of examples of other kinds of primary sources? 

Why were children working?
After the Civil War, the United States experienced a boom in industrialization – a lot of railroads, buildings, and factories were built in a short period of time. A lot of people were needed to do the work. At the time, it was not illegal to hire children to work in mines, mills, factories, and other industrial jobs. Children who worked, worked long hours in sometimes dangerous conditions for little pay.

Child labor was eventually outlawed in the United States. However, it is still legal (with some guidelines) for children as young as 13 to work on large farms in the US. Child labor is still practiced in some other countries.  

Q: Can you think of some of the other things that are needed in order to build railroads, buildings, and factories?
Q: What do you think about children working? Would you want to work? 

Lewis Hine
Who was Lewis Hine?
Lewis Hine was born in 1874. He was a schoolteacher and photographer
in New York City. He felt very strongly that child labor was wrong and he
eventually quit his job to become a photographer for the National Child
Labor Committee (NCLC). The NCLC was a group that worked to raise
awareness about child labor so that it would be outlawed.

A little bit about museum etiquette
We love having people visit BRAHM, and we want everyone to have a good time here. The following tips will help everyone have a fun museum field trip:

Please do not touch any of the exhibits – the oil on our hands can damage artwork, and it is also easy to accidentally knock a piece of work off of the wall.
Please no running!
Please no opera singing! Keep your voices low – this makes it easier for us to listen to one another and for other patrons to enjoy the exhibits.
Please don’t take any photographs – this includes cell phones and cameras.  

Some useful vocabulary

Child labor Etiquette Exhibitions Factory Gallery  
Industry/industrial Labor Mill Mine Museum  
Patrons Primary Sources Secondary Sources Textile Textile Mill  

This field trip will address North Carolina Essential Standards in contextual relevancy, critical response, culture, economics, geography, history, and visual literacy. It will address Common Core Standards in literacy in history/social studies, speaking & listening, and writing.

Before your trip:
Please assign your students partners before your BRAHM field trip. If your class has an odd number, one group of three is fine. If we do activities that involve the students being in pairs, this will save time. Thank you! 

If you have any questions, or if you haven’t scheduled your field trip yet, please phone us on 828.295.9099.